I recently spoke of Indian art and copyright protection. The 1957 Copyright Act which governs the field isn't particularly well-suited to protecting indigenous art. Its predecessors were brought to India by the British in the 1840s, and were thrust on to the country without substantive Indian input worth mentioning. The result has been that the first 'Indian' copyright law of 1847 was closely tethered to Western artistic practices, and indigenous Indian art was sidelined.
Our current copyright law too echoes those early 19th century statutes, and, given that our hands are also now tied by international treaty, there's little that we can do to change the underlying structure of the law. We can, however, attempt to mould copyright law to protect indigenous Indian art even without sui generis legislation. Whether we should do so is another matter altogether considering that the interaction between protected and public domain cultural artifacts is often murky.